1. Meniscus Injuries
The meniscus acts as a shock absorber during weight-bearing activities and helps to maintain knee joint stability. It is a commonly injured part of the knee.
A meniscus tear can be caused by contact or non-contact activity when a weight- bearing knee moves or twists suddenly. It can also occur as a result of wear and tear.
- Knee pain
- Swelling of the knee
- Locking of the knee
- Inability to straighten or bend the knee fully
- Difficulty walking due to pain
Diagnosis is made after your doctor takes your case history and clinical examination.
A MRI may also be useful for diagnosing tear/s of the meniscus.
Treatment for Meniscus
Non-surgical treatment includes rest, elevation and ice therapy of the affected limb.
Crutches can help take the weight off the affected limb, and physiotherapy, after the pain subsides, can help improve the range of motion and strengthen the muscles around the knee.
If the meniscus does not heal by itself, surgical repair or excision of the meniscus may be needed if you continue to experience persistent pain, locking of the knee or are unable to achieve full range of motion.