Conditions and Treatments 
    Increase Font Size   Decrease Font Size   Print Page   Email Friend


    Risk Factors
    When To Seek Help
    Treatment Options
    Where To Seek Treatment
    Singapore National Eye Centre
    Contributed by Ocular Inflammation & Immunology Service


    Uveitis refers to Inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye. This condition can permanently affect sight or even lead to blindness, if it is not treated.


    Sandwiched between the retina and sclera, the uvea contains many blood vessels that carry blood to the eye. Therefore, inflammation of the uvea can affect vision. In most instances, however, the cause of uveitis is unknown.

    The types of uveitis include: Iritis, intermediate uveitis and retinitis or choroiditis.

    This condition occurs when the uvea near the front of the eye in the iris is inflamed. Iritis can come on suddenly and may last six to eight weeks. Patients will have eyes that are red and painful.

    Intermediate uveitis
    This condition occurs when the vitreous gel and peripheral retina are the predominant site of inflammation. It can also happen suddenly and may last for several months. Patients will experience floaters and blurred vision.

    Retinitis or choroiditis
    This condition occurs when the retina or vascular layer next to the retina (choroid) is inflamed. This condition is slower to begin and may last longer. If it affects the retinal vessels, it is called retinal vasculitis.


    Some of the symptoms associated with uveitis include:

    • Increased reddening of the eye
    • Increased sensitivity to light
    • Blurring of vision, pain, and floaters in the eye

    Consequently some complications that can be the result of uveitis include:

    • Glaucoma (increase pressure in the eye)
    • Cataract (clouding of the eye’s natural lens)
    • Neovascularisation (growth of new, abnormal blood vessels)

    Risk Factors

    Some of the conditions that can lead to uveitis are:

    • Virus, such as shingles, mumps or herpes
    • Fungus, such as histoplasmosis
    • Parasite, such as toxoplasmosis
    • Related disease in other parts of the body, such as arthritis
    • Result of injury to the eye
    • Bacteria, such as syphilis


    Currently, there exist no proven natural or clinically-approved methods for preventing this condition.

    When To Seek Help

    If you experience redness or pain in your eye, and it does not clear up quickly, you should see an ophthalmologist.

    Treatment Options

    For mild uveitis, the ophthalmologist may prescribe eye drops, especially steroids and pupil dilators, to reduce the inflammation and pain.

    To treat more severe inflammation, oral medication or injections may be given as well. For some patients, they may also need conventional surgery or laser surgery.

    The Web Part has timed out.
    Conditions & Treatments
    Find A Doctor
    Book An Appointment
    Admission And Charges
    Health XChange
    Quick Links

     Subscribe to RSS Feed